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General Geography and Population Details of Barbados Geography page 1

Capital: Bridgetown
When first colonised by the British in 1627 the island was uninhabited. For the next 350 years its economy remained heavily dependent on sugar, rum, and molasses, but in the 1990s, tourism and manufacturing overtook the sugar industry in economic importance.
Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
Geographic coordinates:
13 10 N, 59 32 W
Area: land: 431 sq km  water: 0 sq km  total: 431 sq km



  Coastline: 97 km

Climate: tropical; rainy season (June to October)

Terrain: relatively flat; rises gently to central highland region

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m  highest point: Mount Hillaby 336 m

Natural hazards: infrequent hurricanes; periodic landslides

Population: 276,607
(July 2002 est.)


Languages: English

Protestant 67% (Anglican 40%, Pentecostal 8%, Methodist 7%, other 12%), Roman Catholic 4%, none 17%, other 12%Government type: parliamentary democracy; independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth

Administrative divisions:

11 parishes; Christ Church,
Saint Andrew, Saint George, Saint James, Saint John,
Saint Joseph, Saint Lucy,
Saint Michael, Saint Peter,
Saint Philip, Saint Thomas;
note - the city of Bridgetown may be given parish status


Independence: 30 November 1966 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 30 November (1966)

Constitution: 30 November 1966

Legal system: English common law; no judicial review of legislative acts

Flag description:

Three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold, and blue with the head of a black trident centred on the gold band; the trident head represents independence and a break with the past (the colonial coat of arms contained a complete trident)

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